Mammography is the process of using low-energy X-rays to examine the human breast and is used as a diagnostic and a screening tool. The goal of mammography is the early detection of breast cancer, typically through detection of characteristic masses and microcalcifications.
Breast Cancer is the second most prevelant cancer in India but the good thing about breast cancer is that if diagnosed early it is completely curable. Mammography is the second step for early detection of breast cancer after self breast examination. If you are above 40 years of age you should get mammography done atleast once a year. However if there is a lump or breast discharge then it is very imperative that you conact a good Breast Clinic and follow the guidance of the breast disease specialist. Sometimes doctor may advise a breast ultrasound or MR Mammogram for further information.
At our centres we routinely perform the following tests on the DEXA Machine
Screening Mammography - Mammography plays a central part in early detection of breast cancers because it can show changes in the breast up to two years before a patient or physician can feel them.
Diagnostic Mammography - Diagnostic mammography is used to evaluate a patient with abnormal clinical findings—such as a breast lump or lumps—that have been found by the woman or her doctor. Diagnostic mammography may also be done after an abnormal screening mammogram in order to evaluate the area of concern on the screening exam.
The Cost of Bilateral Mammogram would varry between INR 2000 to INR 3500.
Images from a mammogram can help find calcifications, or calcium deposits, in your breasts. Most calcifications aren’t a sign of cancer. The test can also find cysts that may come and go normally during some women’s menstrual cycles and any cancerous or noncancerous lumps.
There’s a national diagnostic system for reading mammograms called BI-RADS, or the Breast Imaging Reporting and Database System. In this system, there are seven categories, ranging from zero to six. Each category describes whether additional images are necessary, and whether an area is more likely to have a benign (noncancerous) or cancerous lump.